Modern autopsy relies on forensic medicine, while in ancient times, it relied on the "Cooperation" of officials, zuzuo, and wenmao. But do you know that the autopsy of the ancients was not carried out in a small room, and there was no need to examine the certificate, and officials had to go to the sea in person to check according to the book? The academia sinica's "Researched things" interviewed xie xinzhe, an assistant researcher at the institute of modern history in the academy. Through her research, she found that the role played by the knowledge of autopsy in the qing dynasty was not exactly the same as that of contemporary forensic science, and the autopsy book "The atonement of wrongs" it is also an important knowledge basis that affects the determination of the cause of death and the severity of the crime.
Image source: wikipedia The picture is the content of the book "Supplementary notes to atonement of wrongs" in the 23rd year of daoguang, (song) song ci's original work, (qing) ruan qixin's supplementary notes The record of wrongdoing": an important basis for judging the cause of death
"Bao x! Did you know that the ancient people's autopsy did not rely on medicine, but a book to determine the cause of death, and even affected the direction of the case and the verdict...".
Seeing these two sentences, the familiar talk show style and dialogue scene should immediately come to mind. Although the above is a fictional situation, but the content is not false. This book is "A record of wrongdoing", which is not only an company logo design important basis for judging the cause of death in the traditional process of examining a corpse, but may also affect the severity of the crime. Continuing to investigate further, it was discovered that in the traditional autopsy, the person who judged the cause of death was not a doctor, but a conclusion drawn by officials and zuzuo based on the "Worship of wrongedness".
Xie xinzhe, assistant researcher of the institute of recent history of the chinese academy of sciences, usually likes to watch tv programs on criminal reasoning, or follow-up reports on unsolved strange cases. This does not conflict with her own job at all, because her research scope starts from the "Worship of wrongs", from the stories of suspects, officials, feudal writers and victims, to explore how ancient people understood and applied traditional corpses test knowledge.